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We study the oxidation mechanism of silicon in the presence of a thin HfO2 layer. We performed a set of annealing in 18O2 atmosphere on HfO2/SiO2/Si stacks observing the 18O distribution in the SiO2 layer with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). The 18O distribution in HfO2/SiO2/Si stacks upon 18O2 annealing suggests that what is responsible for SiO2 growth is the molecular O2, whereas no contribution is found of the atomic oxygen to the oxidation. By studying the dependence of the oxidation velocity from oxygen partial pressure and annealing temperature, we demonstrate that the rate-determining step of the oxidation is the oxygen exchange at the HfO2/SiO2 interface. When moisture is chemisorbed in HfO2 films, the oxidation of the underlying silicon substrate becomes extremely fast and its kinetics can be described as a wet silicon oxidation process. The silicon oxidation during O2 …
American Chemical Society
Publication date: 
3 Aug 2006

S Ferrari, M Fanciulli

Biblio References: 
Volume: 110 Issue: 30 Pages: 14905-14910
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B